Category: Finance

Your Thoughts On Finance

The facilitation of corporate finance and the decisions of management may impact the facilitation of the personal finance decisions of individuals and their families. We do not live in a vacuum. Therefore, the activities and decisions of other people can impact our lives.

Functions of Finance
“The key functions of a financial system are to facilitate household and corporate saving, to allocate those funds to their most productive use, to manage and distribute risk, and to facilitate payments. The financial sector is working well when it performs those functions at a low cost and makes the rest of the economy better off” (Greenwood, & Scharfstein, 2012,104). It is the responsibility of the business or individual managers of finance to locate, design or coordinate a financial system that aligns with the personal, business or group goals of the people they lead and serve.

Household and Corporate Saving
Saving for households or corporations can be facilitated in several ways: (1) by paying less for goods and services purchased, (2) by paying less interest on debt by reducing the amount owed and (3) by investing in saving projects that yield higher interest rates. Researching the project is needed to accomplish the objective whether for an individual, family, small business or corporation. In each case, the purchasing manager should secure at least three or more quotes for the item or service to be purchased. Comparison should be made using other factors in addition to price. Analysis of the information obtained should produce a decision to purchase the best value at the best price.

Productive Use of Funds
In order to allocate funds to their most productive use, thought and planning should happen before each project is assigned a budget. For example, research the purchase of the $400 computer to determine its functionality in relationship to the budget allotted for electronics. If the need is to use it for school work for at least a year, there is an added gain when the same computer can be used by the owner manager of a new small business. The purchase of a dress for $400 that will only be worn once is put in a difference light if the decision is between buying the dress or the computer. When one of the primary income earners no longer has the job that she has had for years, all members of the family have to give serious thought to the best use of funds. The beginning small business corporation can no longer be managed like a hobby. The prom dresses for the junior and senior prom can no longer be major purchases. By determining and planning for the objectives that causes the allocated funds to be used to produce purchases that achieve the desired function, both items can be purchased within the predetermined budget.

With corporations and large business entities, the “net present value” (Ross, Westerfield, Jaffe, & Jordan, 2011, 96) can be used to determine which projects the business should pursue. There are other calculations that could also be used so the senior finance manager needs to determine which method will work best for the finance team, the management, stockholders and any other applicable stakeholders.

Manage and Distribute Risk
Management and distribution of risk can be addressed starting in two areas: (1) a portfolio of insurance products and (2) the diversification of the investment portfolio. Research for purchase of insurance products should include comparison of price, features of policy, claim handling and customer service by the agency’s staff. Research for the elements of an investment portfolio will be far more detailed and time intensive. Each type of investment and the investment product in each type should be considered individually and in relationship to its impact to the overall risk of the portfolio. New investors should take the investing process seriously to ensure that investigation and understanding is obtained before money is involved. Necessary care in planning investment objectives and researching to make sure investment projects meet the desired objectives will help allotted funds for investment be most productive.

Facilitate Payments
Facilitation of payments paid and received has an impact on money saved. Incentive can be given to clients to pay earlier, but the discount to your client will mean less money is received in the payment. Your thoughts on this jester will be paramount to whether you see this as a win or a loss. Generally money managers should thrive to receive money as soon as possible and pay out money as late as possible. This does not mean that any bill should be paid so late that there are late fees and penalties attached to the payments. Within the financial system each financial manager designs, the goal should be to also maintain a good credit report because cost of goods or services can be impacted negatively by a low credit score for personal or business transactions.

Conclusion
Change starts with proactive compliance to the commitment to your process of improvement of your financial system to facilitate household and corporate saving, to allocate those funds to their most productive use, to manage and distribute risk, and to facilitate payments. Some of the same principles or processes used by businesses can be used by individuals and families. After determining the objectives, individuals, families, small businesses and corporations should identify skills that need to be obtained to plan for improvement in the financial system employed. At the very least, realize that thought must be given to finance in order to have any control over change in that area. In the end, it will be your thoughts on finance that invoke the all important call to action.

The Functionality of Merchant Loans

Merchants need money. Sure, one of the main purposes of the merchant business is to make money, and merchants do this by providing the goods and services that we all need and enjoy. But if you are a merchant, you know that a merchant business can not be started and continue to run successfully without money.

One merchant, the new owner of a recently-started clothing store, may need money to avoid going out of business, while another, the 14-year owner of a prosperous Italian restaurant, may need money to expand his/her business. Though these are two owners of totally different merchant businesses in completely different stages of business ownership, the accessibility of business funds would solve both of their business problems.

Merchant loans are loans that are meant to be utilized by merchants for any of their business needs, making merchant loans a very functional method of business financing.

What Are Some Acceptable Uses of Merchant Loans?

One of the many reasons why merchant loans are so great for merchants is the fact that there are no restrictions on how they can be used. If you’ve pursued any other types of business financing, you are fully aware that lenders want to know how you plan to use their money. Banks, credit unions, and investors alike, want to make sure that their money is being put to what they feel is good use, because in the end, they want to get their money back, and if they are investing, they want to see a profit for themselves.

But when it comes to merchant loans, lenders use your business’s sales history as an indicator of whether or not your business can support the repayment of a merchant loan. And most lenders agree that a business that processes at least $2,500 per month in credit card sales is capable of repaying a merchant loan of $5,000 under the merchant loan repayment process.

Merchant loans can be used to purchase inventory, upgrade equipment, increase advertisement, fund promotions, expand a business, or keep a business on its feet. But these are only a few of the endless possible uses of a merchant loan.

What Types of Merchants Can Use Merchant Loans?

Any merchant that operates a business that has processed a minimum of $2,500 per month for the past four months can use a merchant loan.

There are various types of merchants; convenience store owners, clothing store owners, automotive service providers and beauty service providers to name a few. If they accept credit cards, all of these merchants can use merchant loans, because the repayment is deducted as a small percentage of the business’s credit card purchases.

Tips For Managing Your Business Finances

Managing your business finances is extremely important and because it requires different expertise. Realistically, most business owners will require professional guidance to properly manage their business finances. The two most important associates for you to retain will be an accountant and banker.

An accountant will provide assistance in a number of different key areas. He can oversee your bookkeeper, validating cash disbursements. You and your accountant will work together to develop a budget and cash flow statement. The budget will be used to ensure you have an adequate profit margin, or you’ll need to either change your pricing structure or reduce expenses.

Your banker will also require a budget (along with cash flow statements) if you apply for loans. The other crucial statement will be the cash flow statement which is a forecast of your revenues and expenses by month. If you don’t have enough cash coming in each month to pay your suppliers, employees and other expenses, you will either need to have cash in the bank or arrange for other financing.

It’s a good idea to have separate business checking and credit card accounts for your business expenses. It will be easier to track and justify your business costs for tax purposes. If you choose to incorporate, you can protect your personal assets from any business debt. Besides your accountant, you should consider outsourcing other finance functions such as payroll and bookkeeping. Having excess inventory on hand can also drain you cash. Outside consultants can provide financial models to more accurately predict needs.

Your banker can help you with applying for both checking and credit card accounts. You may also need business loans to set up or grow your enterprise and every business should have a line of credit in case of cash shortfalls. You should see if you qualify for a low interest loan from the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA).

Business Structures and Managing Ideas

Business itself consists of the production of goods and commodities, and of their transportation and exchange. To study these things is to study business itself. We cannot study any one of these processes without gradually working off into other sciences. But there are certain features of business, which taken together, we may call the functions of business. In a rough way, these functions may be divided into four parts called production, marketing, financing and accounting.

Production includes the study of the organization and management of the processes required to transform raw material into useful commodities and simple energy into useful services. Marketing includes the study of all the means whereby goods are exchanged and transported from one owner to another.

Financing, in a sense, is not a true function of business, since it merely facilitates production and marketing; and the same may be said of accounting. Financing, however, may be defined as that function of business which facilitates production and marketing through the use of funds.

And accounting may be said to be that function of business which analyzes the other functions and properly records the results of the analysis to the end that those other functions may be intelligently carried on.

There may be elements of the science of business which are generally recognized as parts of the science of business but which cannot easily be fitted into any one of these four functions. We shall find little difficulty, however, if we stick close to our definitions as given above.

Business Analyst and Finance

It is common knowledge that Business Analysis involves a clear understanding of the business one operates in and then help in executing the projects involved in the working of the company. Right from the word go, a Business Analyst ( BA ) has to take care of the client requirements, end user specifications, likely problems involved in development and execution, existing and proposed system modalities, and the functional processes involved in the project to be able to execute it to the client’s satisfaction. This is a requirement of the very profession of a BA. This becomes the general description of the nature of work of a Business Analyst.

How does it differ or rather specify differently for the Finance domain?

The most important requirement for a BA is to understand the intricacies of the domain, he is working in. So, in case of the finance domain, a BA should know the functioning of the general way of working of finance industry and of course, the specific way of working of the particular sub domain under the finance domain, that he is working in. examples of these particular sub domains could be Asset Management, Capital Markets, Equity Markets, Wealth Management, Portfolio Management, Banking, Accounting, Taxation, Treasury, Audits, Insurance, Risk, Valuation, Mergers and Acquisitions, Mutual funds, Debt Markets, Foreign Exchange, Advisory, Research, Corporate Finance etc.

Since these sub domains have different sets of rules and regulations, coupled with specific terminologies for each sub sector, a good grasp and understanding of the various terms used in the day to day functioning of these sub domains will hold a Business Analyst in good stead. Knowledge of performance metrics in the sub domains is always advantageous to a good BA and that shows he knows how the goals are set and performance is measured in the sub domains.

Besides having basic knowledge of the front office and back office operations, the Business Analyst should also have good communication skills and great management skills to work well. As is known, a Business Analyst is a bridge between the technical team which comprises of software developers and software engineers, and the end user, which is the client of the project. If the bridge is not well-oiled and is rusty and shaky because of lack of knowledge on part of the Business Analyst, the project shall fall apart. Hence the business analyst must ensure he is up to date with the latest developments in the field that he is working in, and the specific requirements of the project.

Good management skills will enable the Business Analyst to understand the requirements of the end user as well the problems faced by the technical developers in achieving the requirements desired. The technical skills of programming and coding and knowledge of latest software must be also be known to the Business Analyst so that he can understand the working of the technical team and be able to guide them appropriately to execute the project to success.

Business Financing And Commercial Loans For A Prosperous Future

See you want to buy a property, you must be looking for a suitable loan that is less burdensome for you. Well, business financing and commercial loans are exactly meant for the purpose of providing a timely finance for commercial utilization. Through business financing and commercial loan you can buy any property for its commercial utilization.

Business financing and commercial loans are easier to avail as there are lenders who offer you services of their experts in helping you decide over the type of loan and interest rate on it etc. after applying for the loan a commercial real estate finance specialist contacts you shortly and discusses your objective and goal of taking the loan and buying a property. These specialists are of course trained professionals who are well versed in various types of commercial loans and repayment options. So you are well advised in taking a business finance and commercial loan. This clearly leads you to a suitable loan deal and makes decision taking instant for the lender as well.

For availing business financing and commercial loan, you are required to provide a valuable property as security to the lender. Any residential or commercial property functions well as collateral but it should be of high value as the loan amount is based on it. For having a lower interest rate deal on business financing and commercial loan, you should first ask for loan quotes for comparing rates of different lenders. The comparison is all the more crucial in case you are a bad credit borrower. You should also be choosing repayment duration. Note that shorter repayment duration increases monthly payment for the loan installments while larger duration reduces the payments substantially but you end up paying high amount on interest. You should the repayment duration as per your requirements.

Keys to Small Business Financing

The most important aspect of building a small business is in finding the capital that will be used for your business. However, in this time of day when the economic recession has still left us suffering and it has been too hard to obtain financial help. If you are planning to run a small business, don’t ever fall prey into the hands of the people who will only offer help for their own profit and not yours.

You cannot operate your business without any capital or some sort of financing. If you want to run your own business, you should have already planned that out before especially on where you will get financing. It shouldn’t be a problem if you are planning to use your personal money to run the business but it would become a problem if you don’t have the kind of money that your business needs.

The capital needed to run and operate a fully functional business can change over time and therefore it is important that you, as the business owner, must have some sort of strategy in obtaining financing for your business early on. This is usually most business owners overlook as they lack in the financial strategy that will make their businesses flourish the way it is supposed to be.

Strategies for business financing are usually the weakness of most business owners instead of utilizing it as their strength. This is why there are so many small businesses that are struggling or worst go into bankruptcy. Running a small business is not only about profits but in learning how to maneuver your system in such a way that you will become successful later on.

The methods for business financing are tricky but not that hard and if you are not careful enough your business will end up failing. You are the one who should plan, organize and implement the strategy even before you are putting up your establishment. Make sure that you have backup plans in any case that your initial plan did not work out.

Furthermore, you need to dig well your business financing and this means looking at it on the long term scenario not just for the short term needs. You need a good foundation by which your business can stand tall, flourishing and growing so that you can earn the profits of whatever it is you sow.